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SSC Reading SSC unit one, reading section The Reading Contents (CLASS 9 & 10)

11. Independence Day(স্বাধীনতা দিবস)

11. Independence Day(স্বাধীনতা দিবস)

(a)Which day are our independence day and our biggest state festival? (b)How is the day celebrated?(c) How does the day begin?(d)What is the history of the day?(d)Who takes part in observing the day? (e) How does the country look then?26 March, our Independence Day, is the biggest state festival. The is celebrated every year in the country with great enthusiasm and fervuor. It is a national holiday. All offices, educational institutions, shops, and factories remain closed on this day. The day begins with 31 gunshots. Early in the morning the President and the Prime Minister on behalf of the nation place floral wreaths at the National Mausoleum at Savar. Then diplomats, Political parties, social and cultural organizations, and freedom fighters pay homage to the martyrs. People from all walks of life also come there with rallies and processions. There are several cultural programs throughout the day highlighting the heroic, struggle, and sacrifice in 1971.The country also witnesses a smartly dressed parade of defense forces, border guards, police, Ansar, and the VDP (Village Defense Party) at the National Parade Groundnear the National Parliament. In Bangabandhu Stadium. school children, scouts, and girl guides take part in various displays to entertain thousands of spectators. The educational institutions also organize their programs. Sports meets and tournaments arealso organized on the day including the exciting boat race in the river Buriganga.In theevening, all major public buildings are illuminated with colorful lights. Bangla Academy, Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy, and other socio-cultural organizations hold cultural functions. Similar functions are also arranged in other places in the country.word meaning: state festival (n. phrase)- রাষ্ট্রীয় উৎসব; fervour (n)- আগ্রহ; remain (v)- থাকা; gunshot (n)-বন্দুকের গুলি; floral (adj.)- পুষ্প সম্পর্কীয়; wreath (n)- মালা; Mausoleum (n)- স্মৃতিসৌধ; homage (n)- সম্মান; procession (n)- মিছিল; witness (v)- প্রত্যক্ষ করা; display (v)- প্রদর্শন করা; entertain (v)- আনন্দ দেওয়া; spectator (n)- দর্শক; organize (v)- আয়ােজন করা; exciting (adj.)-উত্তেজনাকর; illuminate (v)- আলােকিত করা।

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SSC Reading SSC unit one, reading section The Reading Contents (CLASS 9 & 10)

10. The Statue of Liberty

10. The Statue of Liberty

(a) where is the statue of liberty situated? 

(b) What does it symbolize? 

(c) What is the measure of the statue? 

(d) How was it built? 

(e) What is the significance of it?

The Statue of Liberty originally is called Liberty Enlightening the world. It is a statue situated on Liberty Island, formerly Bedloc’s Island, in the harbor of New York. “The statue

Symbolizes Liberty in the form of a woman wearing flowing robes and a spiked crown. She holds a torch aloft in her right hand and carries in her left hand a book inscribed July 4, 1776″. A broken chain symbolizes the overthrow of tyranny. It lies at her feet. The statue was designed by the French sculptor Frederic Bartholdi and was given by France to the United States to commemorate the centennial of US independence in 1876. France raised funds by

popular subscription to pay for. the statue: US donors financed the pedestal and installation of the monument. President Grover Cleveland dedicated the work on October

28, 1886. The statue, the Island, and nearby Ellis Island were declared a national monument in 1924. The statue is formed of copper sheets riveted to an iron framework. It

is one of the largest statues in the world. It measures 93.5 m (306 ft 8in) from the bottom of the pedestal to the tip of the torch. The figure itself is 46.4 m (152 ft 2 in) high; the right arm is 12.81m (42 ft) long; the hand is 5.03 m (16 ft 5 in) long: and the head, which is reachable by staircase or emergency lift, measures 8.5m (28ft) from neck to diadem and 3.05m (10ft)  from ear to ear. The statue weighs 254 tonnes(250 tons). Originally it was conceived as a gesture of international friendship. The statue has become a global symbol of freedom. marking the arrival of millions of immigrants to the United States.

Word meaning: originally (adv.)- মুলত, আসলে; situated (adj.)- অবস্থিত; harbour (n)- পােতাশ্রয়; symbolise (v)-প্রতীক হিসেবে অর্থ প্রকাশ করা; liberty (n)- স্বাধীনতা; robe (n)- ঢিলে-ঢালা পােশাক; spike (n)- পেরেক; loft (adv.)- উপরের দিকে; inscribe (v)- উপরে লেখা; overthrow (v)- ফেলে দেওয়া; tyranny

(n)- অত্যাচার; sculptor (n)- ভাস্কর; centennial (n)- শতবার্ষিকী; subscription (n)- চাদা; measure (n)- পরিমাপ; staircase (n)- সিড়ি; immigrant (n)- অভিবাসী।

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SSC Reading SSC unit one, reading section The Reading Contents (CLASS 9 & 10)

9.The World Mother Language Day (বিশ্ব মাতৃভাষা দিবস)

9.The World Mother Language Day

                          (বিশ্ব মাতৃভাষা দিবস)

(a)What does the holy 9uran say about mother tongue? 

(b) Why is mother tongue important?

(c) W nat iS the historical background of the day? 

(d) What was the declaration of UNESCO regarding the day? 

(e) Why was the declaration made?

Mother tongue is a divine gift. From the holy Quran, we come to know that the most merciful  Almighty has bestowed a mother tongue upon every caste, creed, and color Mother tongue is, so important that the people of a country express their idea, thoughts, feelings emotions, etc. Clearly through the mother tongue. But it is an irony of fate that the then rulers of Pakistan tried to impose Urdu their as mother tongue upon us instead of Bangla. But the people of our country raised their voice against this unlawful decision. Some of the heroic sons came forward and sacrificed their glorious life for the cause of our mother tongue on the 21st February 1952. Since then this day is called the Shahed Dibash. Every year remember this day with solemnity and pay them profound tribute. Now it is a great pleasure for us that this day has got international recognition in 1999. From now onwards this day will be observed as “The World Mother Language Day”. So it is a matter of great glory and prestige for us.

Word meaning: tongue (n)- জিহ্বা; devine (adj.)- স্বর্গীয়; bestow (v)-প্রদান করা; caste(n)- জাতি; colour (n) বর্ণ; express (v)- প্রকাশ করা; irony (n)- পরিহাস; impose (v)- অর্পণ করা; instead (adj.)- পরিবর্তে; solemnity (n)- মৌনতা; profound (adj.)- গভীর; pleasure (n)- আনন্দ; recognition (n)- স্বীকৃতি।

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SSC Reading SSC unit one, reading section The Reading Contents (CLASS 9 & 10)

8. Mother’s Day(মা দিবস)

8. Mother’s Day(মা দিবস)

 (a) What is Mother’s day 

 (b) Where was the first Mother’s day announced as a formal

holiday?

 (c) How is the day observed?

 (d) When is the day observed? 

 (e) What is the significance of the day?

Mother’s Day is a celebration honoring mothers and motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world most commonly in March or May. The celebration of Mother’s Day began in the United States in the early 20th century. In most countries, Mother’s Day is a new concept copied from western civilization. Bangladeshi’s are celebrating mother’s day for the last few years. In

Bangladesh, Mother s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of May. People with his/her mother on that day. They also give his/her mom shares cakes, flowers

greeting cards, mobile phones, sweets, ice-creams, and gift mugs, etc. as “Mother’ s Day gifts. They try to remain very close to their mothers. In observance of the day, discussion

programs are organized by government and non-governmental organizations. Reception programs, cultural programs are organized to mark the day in the Capital city. Television channels air special programs and newspapers publish special features and columns

mark the day. Greeting cards, flowers, and gifts featuring the mother’s specialty to the child- are in high demand at the shops and markets

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SSC Reading SSC unit one, reading section The Reading Contents (CLASS 9 & 10)

7. May Day(মে দিবস)

7. May Day(মে দিবস)

(a) What is May Day? 

(b) How and why is it observed? 

(c) What is the background of it?

(d) How do the workers enjoy the privileges today? 

(e) What is the significance of the day?

May Day is an international holiday for working people. 1st May is International Workers Day. It commemorates the historic struggle of working people throughout the world. It is recognized in all the countries of the world. As a result of the sacrifice of the martyred workers in 1 886, today workers enjoy all the privileges. Today they get a minimum wage. They have job security, safety laws and eight-hour working time, etc. On May 3, 1886, police fired into a crowd of strikers at the McCormick Harvest Machine Company, Chicago. They killed at least one striker and five or six others were seriously wounded and left an undetermined number of workers injured. From the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people in factories had to work very long shifts, lasting up to fourteen or even more hours a

day. In the 1880s a new movement calling for an eight-hour day inspired both Labour Unions and unorganized workers. Mayday has been a symbol for ers all over the

world. On this day they renew their vow to fight against oppression and for human rights. It is the day that inspires the workers to be united to realize their demands. On the whole, May Day is the day of international unity of the working class. This day reminds the

Workers to stand up against exploitation and to gain better working conditions, better pay, and better lives.

Word meaning: international (adj.)- আন্তর্জাতিক; commemorate (v)- উদযাপনের মাধ্যমে শুরু করা; struggle (n)- সংগ্রাম; throughout (prep.)- ব্যাপিয়া; recognize (v)- চিহ্নিত করা; sacrifice v]-উৎসর্গ করা; martyr (n)- শহীদ; privileges (n)- সুযােগ-সুবিধা; minimum (adj)- সর্বনিম্ন striker (n)- আন্দোলনকারী; wound (v)-আহত হওয়া; undetermined (adj)- হেয় বিবেচনা করা; injure (v)-আহত হওয়:inspire (v)- উৎসাহ দেওয়া; unorganized (adj)- অপ্রাতিষ্ঠানিক; symbol (n)- প্রতীক; oppression in-নির্যাতন; realize (v)- বুঝতে পারা; remind (v) স্মরণ করিয়ে দেওয়া; exploitation (n) শােষণ ।

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SSC Reading SSC unit one, reading section The Reading Contents (CLASS 9 & 10)

6. Leisure Activities / Pastime (অবসরের কার্যক্রম)

6. Leisure Activities / Pastime

                          (অবসরের কার্যক্রম)

(a )What is a pastime? 

(b) What is the importance of pastime? 

(c) Is pastime a source of income? 

(d) Does it harm our society?

 (e) How do people enjoy pastimes?

Leisure plays a very significant role in the life of a man. During leisure, a man does not generally do any income-generating work. But leisure does never mean idleness. Leisure suggests a period when a man is not bound to do any scheduled job. In a leisure period, a man

can do some interesting things. Some people enjoy hearing music. Some other people enjoy gardening or reading books. Leisure is very stimulating for creativity, A man can easily flourish his creativity by doing some interesting things in his leisure time. Leisure provides a man with ample scope to have the refreshment of mind and achieve sanity, It gives a man enthusiasm for further work. In many developed countries leisure activities are given special importance. In Germany, there is a German Leisure Association, In Bangladesh, the rural people enjoy gossiping during their leisure time. But in the busy cities, people pass their leisure by watching television. However, leisures a part and parcel of our daily life. So it should be used properly.

word meaning: Leisure (n)-অবসর; during (prep.)- একটা সময় ব্যাপি; generate (v)-উৎপাদন করা; suggest (v)- পরামর্শ দেওয়া, উৎসাহ দেওয়া; schedule (n)- কর্মসূচী; creativity (n)- সৃজনশীলতা; flourish(v)- প্রকাশ করা; provide (v)- প্রদান করা; ample (adj.)- প্রশান্ত; refreshment (n)- সতেজতা; sanity (n)-

সুস্থতা, পরিপাটি; enthusiasm (n)- গভীর আগ্রহ; part and parcel (phr.)- অবিচ্ছেদ অংশ; properly ( adv.)-সঠিকভাবে।

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SSC unit one, reading section

Can you live alone?

Long ago, a young man who lived in a village, found his life full of problems and suffering. Quarrels, ill-feelings, jealousy, enmity all were part of everyday life there.
So he left his house and went to a jungle to live by himself. There he made a nice little hut with wood, bamboo and reeds. “Ah, how happy I am here!” said the man to himself.
But one day he found some mice in his hut. The little creatures soon made holes in his blanket. So he brought a cat to kill the mice. The cat needed milk. So he brought a cow. The cow needed grass and hay. So he brought a cowboy.

The cowboy needed food. So he took a wife to cook meals. Then children were born to them, and the man found himself again in a family.
So nobody can live alone unless that person is either angel or devil. People need food, shelter, companions and cooperation. They need to help each other. And if they live in a family or community, their needs can be fulfilled. Hence living in society can make people good and happy citizens.